Did you know?
Two thirds of the energy used in Hungary has to be imported at present, while biomass can be produced locally.
About biomass in general
- In the field of crop production: cereal straw, corn cob
- In the field of animal husbandry: slurry and manure
- In the field of horticulture: trimmings of fruit trees and grape vines
- In the field of food-processing industry: processing by-products
- In the field of silviculture: logging residues
- From primary wood industry: sawdust, plane shavings
- Woody and herbaceous energy plantations
- Biodiesel raw materials (rape, sunflower)
- Bioethanol raw materials (cereals, corn, sugar beet, potato)
- it is renewed through photosynthesis
- energy storage is realized by storing the energy of the sunshine in the form of chemical energy by the organic compounds created in plants
- it can be used as an energy source without increasing the carbon dioxide level of the atmosphere
- it largely facilitates the preservation of mineral resources
- emission (CO2, CO, SO2, CxHx) is significantly lower than in the case of fossil energy sources
- lands released due to food overproduction provide realistic basis for biomass production
- it has a favourable effect on rural development and job creation.
- Decreases Hungary’s dependence on import in respect of energy management (at present, approximately 70% is imported from external sources).
- Ensures continuous energy production.
- Decreases environmental pollution (less carbon dioxide emission, decreasing greenhouse effect to meet the commitment assumed under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change)
- Decreases agro-product (food) oversupply. (With the accession to the European Union Hungarian agriculture entered a market with huge oversupply of products. Thus the Common Agricultural Policy may have only one direction: lands being released from agricultural production should be used in a way that will not increase the volume of unmarketable surplus products. One possibility of utilization is producing non-food products, i.e. raw materials for energy production.)
- Increases job opportunities for rural residents.
- Improves environmental conditions.
- It can be produced anywhere, i.e. it is not bound to deposits.
- Utilizes agricultural wastes.
- Its utilization does not require significant investment.